• Marszałkowska 8

Rechnitz. Opera – The Exterminating Angel

dir.Katarzyna Kalwat


  • Direction, set and costume design

    Katarzyna Kalwat

  • Text

    Elfriede Jelinek

  • Music

    Wojtek Blecharz

  • Libretto, dramaturgy, translation

    Monika Muskała

  • Artistic supervision

    Andrzej Bauer

  • Premiere of the theatre version

    February 7 and 8, 2019

  • Premiere of the performative version

    September 25, 2018 at the 61st International Festival of Contemporary Music “Warsaw Autumn”.

  • Duration

    2 hours

  • Tickets

    Normal ticket: 105 PLN
    Concessionary ticket: 80 PLN
    Normal group ticket (over 10 people): 90 PLN
    Concessionary group ticket (over 10 people): 70 PLN


The scenario of this opera is based on a drama by Elfriede Jelinek, a Nobel prize winning Austrian writer. The texts presents the tragic events which took place in March 1945 in the castle of Baroness Margrit Batthyány in Austria, Rechnitz. According to the testimonies of witnesses, during the reception, issued by the Baroness Margit von Batthyány, her guests – local SS and Gestapo officers – participated in a massacre of two hundred Jewish forced laborers brought there from Hungary. The mass grave of the slaughtered laborers has never been found and the sluggish progress in the investigation made it possible for the executioners to escape. In Jelinek’s play, the events at the castle in Rechnitz are described by five Messengers who present their own version of the events. The play, will not be a reconstruction of the events that took place 70 years ago in Rechnitz. “Rechnitz. Opera – The Exterminating Angel” is an attempt at understanding the mechanisms of collective memory. Its main theme is the language as an instrument of manipulation, lies and violence. It’s also an account of the contemporary European history, European identity, a part of which is the experience of war and Holocaust. 

That is why this story cannot be true – proclaims the history researcher, who began rectoscoping the history, or at least decided to begin it and sort of took a look at the history from its other end. (…) Please come back tomorrow, perhaps then! Perhaps then you will hear: This is how the world ends This is how the world ends This is how the world ends Not with a bang but with a whimper. Just for you, the history will begin in a moment, in a moment it will start anew. The history always tunes its instruments, but rarely plays them.  But today is the day it will play with us. We are the history’s instruments. Now we are tuned. We are in tune with the history. Our testimonies should play and should be in tune with each other.

Elfriede Jelinek, Rechnitz (The Exterminating Angel)

From the director:

I have intended to stage ‘Rechnitz’ for years. In her piece, Elfriede Jelinek describes events that the Austrians turned a blind eye to after the war. She observes mechanisms of collective memory, while focusing on language as a tool used to manipulate history. The text revolves around the testimonies given by messengers and it shows how language is used to suppress, distort and dilute responsibility, to cover up the truth and talk euphemistically about violation of moral principles, felonies, genocide. Jelinek exposes the language of public debate to scrutiny. In the light of the recent socio-political changes, Elinek’s text is terrifyingly up-to-date. Furthermore, a brilliant translation by Monika Muskała has just been published, so staging of ‘Rechnitz’ is a must.

It’s always been clear to me that music will play an important role in this project and cooperation with Wojtek Blecharz, who explores the performative dimension of opera was also a given. The musical form of recitative, seemed to me the best way to bring out the hidden extraverbal aspects of the text. An escape to ecstasy or hysterics is inscribed in opera. Music allows to suppress or dilute the truth; that’s why there is a cello band on stage just like the orchestra in the castle of Rechnitz. where the crime was committed between the dances.”

Katarzyna Kalwat

From the composer:

As an opera-like performance, ‘Rechnitz’ is primarily based on a new approach to the form of a recitative: searching for close relationships between the text and its music, extracting hidden meanings from the text itself by imposing sound gestures, assigned motives, a prosody or adding rhythm to the text spoken by an actor. The actor becomes a musician, singer, beatboxer; his way of delivering text is organically combined with the group of four cellos, which follow the narrative, accompany the actors, but also have a performative dimension. The cello quartet symbolizes what is left from the palace orchestra from the time of its former glory, the last ‘survivors’ who are forced to entertain their degenerate aristocracy and the Nazis accompanying it during the bloody events of March 1945. Cooperation with Katarzyna Kalwat, who showed unusual sense and understanding of music in her previous and repeatedly awarded “Holzwege” performance, describing the story of composer Tomasz Sikorski, is a great challenge for me. In my operatic works, I often refer to the beginnings of the opera genre (“Park-Opera” or “Body-Opera”), therefore the possibility of trying to redefine the genre of the recitative is particularly interesting to me. In “Rechnitz”, which will be my fifth opera, music will not only be a background for the text, but it will complement it and through musicalisation (rhythmization, motifs assigned) it will give it, in some sense, an artificial form. Similarly, the Rechnitz massacre witnesses try to tell the truth without saying it; they construct the language in order to lose it, liquefy it, forfeit it in endless connectors, episodes, ornaments and counterpoints.”

Wojtek Belcharz


direction, set and costume design: Katarzyna Kalwat

text: Elfriede Jelinek

music: Wojtek Blecharz

translation, adaptation, dramaturgy: Monika Muskała

head of musicians: Andrzej Bauer

artistic supervision over improvisations: Andrzej Bauer, Wojtek Blecharz, Katarzyna Kalwat

lighting design: Paulina Góral

vocal preparations: Aldona Krasucka

choreography: Karolina Kraczkowska

scenographer’s assistant: Anna Rogóż


stage manager, director’s assistant: Malwina Szumacher

production manager: Magda Igielska


Photo by Marcin Oliva Soto


  • “An amazing concert. This is a spoken, shouted, hissed, chanted and sometimes sung opera.(…) You listen to it with a heavy heart but also with a great admiration for the performers (mastery of Magdalea Kuta and Tomasz Tyndyk deserve a special mention).”

    Aneta Kyzioł, Polityka
  • Kalwat compares her team’s acting to an ecstasy or hysterics put into “an opera form”. Such approach not only emphasizes the operaisation and musicaisation of the text by the Austrian Nobel laureate, that adds to the text’s artificial and exalted form but also allows to reach deeper into the actors’ bodies, that are transformed into energy centers.”

    Katarzyna Lemańska, Czas Kultury
  • “Oratory delivery, where co-called situations are only suggested, and where the tension comes from the music attached to a poignant text, makes quite an impression.”

    Tomasz Miłkowski, Dziennik Trybuna
  • Rowohlt Verlag is the owner of stage right to the Elfriede Jelinek’s drama.

Partners of the performance

Austrian Cultural Forum

The new talents line

The performance was produced within the frame of the new talents line programme. TR Warszawa for many years now has been promoting new artistic talents through such projects as:  Warsaw Area [orig.: Teren Warszawa], TR/PL, Field TR [orig.: Teren TR], Young TR [orig.: Młody TR], TR Debut [orig.: Debiut TR], artistic residencies, guest showings of diploma works and performances, repertoire showings of performances co-created by new artists and production of selected projects in cooperation with foreign partners. TR Warszawa provides artistic shelter, where artists may experiment and implement their ideas for theatre.

Within the new talents line in the past artistic seasons, the following directors presented their productions: Wojciech Blecharz (“Soundwork”), Klaudia Hartung-Wójciak (“The Chinese”), Grzegorz Jaremko (“Woyzeck”), Katarzyna Kalwat (“Holzwege”, “Rechnitz. Opera – The Exterminating Angel”, “Maria Klassenberg. Ecstasies”, “Staff Only” – coproduced by Biennale Warszawa and TR Warszawa), Anna Karasińska (“Ewelina’s Crying” and “Fantasia”), Katarzyna Minkowska (“Stream”), Jędrzej Piaskowski (“Puppenhaus. Treatment”, “David Is Going To Israel”), Piotr Trojan (“Grind/r”), Magda Szpecht (“The Possibility of an Island”, “Always Coming Home”), and Małgorzata Wdowik (“The Footballers” and “Fear”).